The Situation

Malaria is a leading cause of death of children in Africa, killing nearly one million children each year. Every day 3,000 children die of malaria.  According to the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention, malaria is the 5th cause of death from infectious diseases worldwide (after respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, and tuberculosis).


Roll back Malaria estimates there are about 300 million acute cases of Malaria every year around the world and resulting in over a million deaths a year. 90% of these deaths occur in Africa particularly in young children.


 


The prevention of Malaria is relatively simple compared to its dire consequences. Malaria can be easily prevented by limiting one’s exposure to mosquitoes and mosquito bites. The primary point of attack by mosquitoes is during the night, when people are asleep.  Studies have shown that the use of insecticide-treated nets significantly reduces the chances of being bitten by a mosquito.  However, many homes particularly the low income households lack these nets.   


WHO has predicted a worldwide rise in the prevalence of diabetes which is expected to affect 300 million people by 2025. This progression is more flagrant in developing countries particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of people who develop diabetes in the near future will have type-2 diabetes with its attending complications including; cardiovascular disorders, limb amputations and stroke. The rise in cardiovascular disorders correlates with the rise in diabetes and hypertension.


As at year 2000, a billion people, i.e. 26% of the world population were hypertensive. Hypertension is common in both developed and developing countries it is however more common in blacks than in whites. Sub-Saharan Africa contains a diversity of ethnic groups, cultures, and countries of vastly different socioeconomic status.  Available data show that hypertension seems more common with increasing urbanization, leaving behind a group of truly rural dwellers who still seem relatively protected.


 


It is however, the urbanized persons who have better access to modern antihypertensive care. Both lower-income groups (because of socioeconomic stress, lack of access to facilities, and poor diet) and higher-income groups (because of obesity, dietary excess, alcohol consumption, and lack of exercise) may be at increased risk of developing hypertension. Therefore both individual “best treatment” and wider national policies need to be promoted.


At the end of 2011, an estimated 34 million people were living with HIV worldwide, with two-thirds of them living in sub-Saharan Africa. An estimated 3.5million Nigerians are currently living with HIV, making Nigeria the third most burdened country in the world. New HIV infection is estimated at 388,864 annually, while AIDS related annual mortality is estimated at 217, 148.